An endless race for money and life on a decent level, more and more frequent stressful situations, problems at school or work – these are just a few factors that largely cause the emergence of various anxiety states. How to combat them?
What is anxiety and where does it come from?
Anxiety is a mental state that is born from a sense of threat. It’s caused by internal or external factors. It can arise in response to a real danger, and can also be created in our head. How they arise depends mainly on the person they concern – on their past or life experience. Very often, relationships with parents and problems in childhood are taken under the microscope. It is not uncommon for a person to be afraid of sudden changes that each of us is constantly struggling with. It is always a matter of worrying about family health or a good life.
What are the types of anxiety?
There are several branches of this ailment. Demonstrating various forms, they are waiting to attack us – mainly when we are weakened by a “bad day”.
Neurotic obsessions – an unjustified obsession to control everything;
Panic attacks – a condition in which a sick person has the impression that he or she is “going to die”. The attack is accompanied by headaches, cold sweats, palpitations, numbness in the hands and the impossibility to catch breath;
Social phobia – fear of public speeches, avoiding situations in which they can be criticized, and even consumption among other people;
Other phobias – fear of spiders, doctors, Friday 13th, closed rooms or vice versa – open space, etc.;
Post-traumatic stress disorder – traumatic experience, e.g. cataclysm, accident, rape or war. Although the event took place in the past, memories, shame, nightmares, insomnia, loneliness and outbursts of aggression may touch us.
The most common symptoms of anxiety
These states can be attributed to a wide range of ailments that can occur depending on severity and condition. These are among others:
- heart Rate acceleration
- dry mouth
- pale skin
- problems with memory and concentration.
As anxiety in many everyday situations is a natural thing – an interview, passing an important exam, solving a problem – it can mobilize us. However, too much of anything is unhealthy. Prolonged exposure to pressure can lead to somatic disorders and, consequently, anxiety disorders.
I’m sick of it – what to do to help myself?
To be able to function normally and suppress stress associated with everyday life, many specialists recommend the use of pharmacology. In one day, there are a lot of people around the world who have been overwhelmed by current affairs, and in order to combat phobias, they use pharmacological treatment. From this group, we can choose two options:
Barbiturates – they have a suppressing effect on the nervous system, which means they calm and relax. However, in too large quantities and in combination with alcohol, they can be very dangerous, causing, for example, drowsiness, impaired consciousness, poor motor coordination, etc.
Benzodiazepines – belong to the group of anxiolytics. Widely considered to be safer than barbiturates. Psychotropic drugs selectively affect emotional processes and inhibit anxiety, tension, and aggression. They exhibit anticonvulsant and hypnotic effects and may also have a relaxing effect. They are drugs that act quickly, are inexpensive, are characterized by low toxicity and few interactions with other drug groups. Examples of the most commonly used drugs in USA are: clorazepate, diazepam, triazolam, lorazepam.
Despite the amazing properties of anxiolytics, attention should also be paid to activities that are not beneficial to our health. Unfortunately, like most psychotropic drugs, they are addictive, so the recommended length of therapy is no longer than 6-8 weeks. They can also paradoxically stimulate and cause memory impairment.
Effective, cheap and widely available, in the case of phobias (“in the short run”) they will work as found. However, let’s remember! If we consume these drugs for too long, it can cause us more trouble than the disease we are struggling with.