What is a phobia and what are the most common types?
Phobia is nothing more than a neurotic disorder. Its symptom is persistent fears of specific situations, as well as objects and animals. Such anxiety can become a dysfunction when it limits our lives very much. We cannot function normally for fear of a given situation. Although the fear is completely irrational, it can paralyze us to such an extent that we completely fail to cope with it. We feel an exaggerated fear of situations that are not really dangerous or they may not happen at all. There are different degrees of phobia and depending on their degree, they more or less rule our lives and feelings.
We are often afraid of the fact that a given situation will take place, and not just the moment when we are in such a situation. Phobia combines with psychosomatic symptoms at a time when, for example, we think about our anxiety or we are in a situation that we are afraid of. We feel an accelerated heartbeat, numbness, headache, breathing problems, problems with concentration, lockjaw, sweating, and even problems with speech or vision. In very extreme cases, cardiac arrest may occur when a person with a strong phobia encounters their anxiety.How to fight a phobia?
Treating phobias is not easy, because most often these are fears very deeply rooted in the subconscious and often result from some childhood injury. As adults, we forget about events that have taken place, but our brain subconsciously avoids situations that associate it with negative memories. Therapy often reveals the cause of the phobia, and the psychotherapist shows that what we fear is not dangerous, and reflects our fears directed in a different direction and not related to the subject we are afraid of. Most often, an object or situation that causes panic in us reflects other fears, e.g. against violence or mocking by others;
By reducing stress caused by third parties, we can get rid of, for example, agoraphobia, or fear of open space. Going outside, we will not be afraid if we know that the people waiting there do not have bad intentions and do not want to make fun of or hurt us. We are afraid of the unknown, so many phobia therapies are aimed at taming the object of our fear.
Therapists also recommend gradual familiarity with anxiety, e.g. they recommend a person with claustrophobia riding an elevator on one floor, first with an accompanying person, later without. The patient's anxiety must be taken seriously, but it should be presented to them as something that either does not have to happen or is not dangerous enough to let us be afraid of it. In fact, most people have a phobia that paralyzes their lives more or less. With the help of therapy, you can quickly get rid of it.Most popular phobias
The most popular phobias are, for example, sociophobia - fear of contact with other people, agoraphobia - fear of open space, arachnophobia - fear of spiders, ophidophobia - fear of snakes, claustrophobia - fear of tight and confined spaces.